1st December is World Aids Day

IMG_1146.JPGIn 2013, there were 35 million [33.2 million–37.2 million] people living with HIV. Since the start of the epidemic, around 78 million [71 million–87 million] people have become infected with HIV and 39 million [35 million–43 million] people have died of AIDS-related illnesses.

Close the gap to zero new HIV infections:

Worldwide, 2.1 million [1.9 million–2.4 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2013.

Worldwide, 240 000 [210 000–280 000] children became newly infected with HIV in 2013.

Close the gap to zero AIDS-related deaths:

In 2013, 1.5 million [1.4 million–1.7 million] people died from AIDS-related illnesses worldwide.

Close the treatment gap:

In 2013, around 12.9 million people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy.

This represents 37% [35–39%] of all people living with HIV, yet only 24% [22–26%] of all children living with HIV are receiving the life-saving medicines.

Close the gap for HIV/tuberculosis:

Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, with an estimated 320 000 [300 000–340 000] deaths in 2012.

Close the access gap:

HIV is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age.

In 2013, 54% of pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries did not receive an HIV test.

In 2013, almost 60% of all new HIV infections among young people aged 15–24 occurred among adolescent girls and young women.

AIDS-related illnesses are the leading cause of death among adolescents aged 10–19 years in Africa.

Globally, gay men and other men who have sex with men are 19 times more likely to be living with HIV than the general population.

HIV prevalence among sex workers is 12 times greater than among the general population.

Transgender women are 49 times more likely to acquire HIV than all adults of reproductive age.

HIV prevalence is estimated to be up to 28 times higher among people who inject drugs than the general population #BBRUMA

AMB. Babangida Ruma
Human Rights and Democracy Activists.

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Let Stop Ebola Virus In Africa

I volunteer my self by joining the campaign Ebola is real in African Countries let join hands and stop Ebola Virus in Africa world in large.

Background Of Ebola Virus.

The Ebola virus causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal if untreated. Ebola virus disease (EVD) first appeared in 1976 in 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred in a village near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name.

The current outbreak in west Africa, first cases notified in March 2014, is the largest and most complex Ebola outbreak since the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. There have been more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. It has also spread between countries starting in Guinea then spreading across land borders to Sierra Leone and Liberia, by air 1 traveller only to NIGERIA, and by land (1 traveller) to Senegal.

The most severely affected countries, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia have very weak health systems, lacking human and infrastructural resources, having only recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability. On August 8, the WHO Director-General declared this outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

A separate, unrelated Ebola outbreak began in Boende, Equateur, an isolated part of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

The virus family Filoviridae includes 3 genera Cuevavirus, Marburgvirus, and Ebolavirus. There are 5 species that have been identified Zaire, Bundibugyo, Sudan, Reston and Taï Forest. The first 3, Bundibugyo ebolavirus, Zaire ebolavirus, and Sudan ebolavirus have been associated with large outbreaks in Africa. The virus causing the 2014 west African outbreak belongs to the Zaire species.

Transmission

It is thought that fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are natural Ebola virus hosts. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.

Ebola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e.g. bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids.

Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.

Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola.

People remain infectious as long as their blood and body fluids, including semen and breast milk, contain the virus. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.

Symptoms of Ebola virus disease

The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is 2 to 21 days. Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms. First symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e.g. oozing from the gums, blood in the stools). Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.

Diagnosis

It can be difficult to distinguish EVD from other infectious diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and meningitis. Confirmation that symptoms are caused by Ebola virus infection are made using the following investigations:

antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
antigen-capture detection tests
serum neutralization test
reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
electron microscopy
virus isolation by cell culture.
Samples from patients are an extreme biohazard risk; laboratory testing on non-inactivated samples should be conducted under maximum biological containment conditions.

Treatment and vaccines

Supportive care-rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, improves survival. There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. No licensed vaccines are available yet, but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing.

Prevention and control

Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilisation. Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Raising awareness of risk factors for Ebola infection and protective measures that individuals can take is an effective way to reduce human transmission. Risk reduction messaging should focus on several factors:

Reducing the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission from contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. Animal products (blood and meat) should be thoroughly cooked before consumption.
Reducing the risk of human-to-human transmission from direct or close contact with people with Ebola symptoms, particularly with their bodily fluids. Gloves and appropriate personal protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill patients at home. Regular hand washing is required after visiting patients in hospital, as well as after taking care of patients at home.

Outbreak containment measures including prompt and safe burial of the dead, identifying people who may have been in contact with someone infected with Ebola, monitoring the health of contacts for 21 days, the importance of separating the healthy from the sick to prevent further spread, the importance of good hygiene and maintaining a clean environment.
Controlling infection in health-care settings

Health-care workers should always take standard precautions when caring for patients, regardless of their presumed diagnosis. These include basic hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, use of personal protective equipment (to block splashes or other contact with infected materials), safe injection practices and safe burial practices.

Health-care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus should apply extra infection control measures to prevent contact with the patient’s blood and body fluids and contaminated surfaces or materials such as clothing and bedding. When in close contact (within 1 metre) of patients with EBV, health-care workers should wear face protection (a face shield or a medical mask and goggles), a clean, non-sterile long-sleeved gown, and gloves (sterile gloves for some procedures).

Laboratory workers are also at risk. Samples taken from humans and animals for investigation of Ebola infection should be handled by trained staff and processed in suitably equipped laboratories.

DRIVING PHILOSOPHY OF AYAIF.

Be consistent in the LITTLE things in order to create BIG changes.

The challenges that face the Arewa Youth today are unprecedented and effort to tackles these challenges are non – existent or at best ineffective.

This organization under My Leadership is to give young adult increased responsibilities in their own lives and future, however, this should not be expected on a platter of gold, it must be fought for in a civilized and responsible manners to prove that the youth of Arewa and indeed Nigeria are capable of making meaningful contributions to the socio – economic progress and development of the region and the country.

Thus AYAIF will strive to empower the youth through enlightenment to see a society whose youth (and inevitably the current and future leaders) acquire skills, knowledge and mental capability to be productive, proactive and well prepared leaders and citizens in Nigeria.

In this area, our core areas of Focus will be development activities and programs in :

7-point Agenda

1. Youth employment and entrepreneurship
2. Drug Abuse
3. Youth policy and advocacy
4. Political Manipulation
5. Risk Of Getting HIV/AIDS
6. Educating Youth Into Healthy, Confident Youth to the Achievement of positive change and transformation of patriarchal values In Nigeria.
7. Upgrade the Image and reputation of nigeria as A country In the sight of It’s counter parts.

AYAIF will implement its various programme through partnership with institutions, organizations and bodies at local, state or international levels.

We are pursuing partnerships with established non-profit organizations with the support of local and international financial and project funding institutions.

Some of our target partners include:-

-National Youth Council Of Nigeria
-Yadoma & Bukar Madara Foundation
-Youths For Change NG
-The Federal, State and Local government

Mal. Babangida Ruma
Chairperson Arewa Youth Awareness Initiative Forum (Initiative For Collective Development)
Twitter handle@babangidaruma

Opportunity CYC 2015

Free to travel with a free flight ticket to an important international Conference in Tirana, Albania, from December 7th to 11th, 2014 ?

The Commonwealth Secretariat and Commonwealth Youth Council are recommending young leaders.

If you want your country to be represented or know anyone in the following countries, please inbox your contacts today or email to: m.leone@commonwealth.int

URGENT: Deadline is Tuesday, 18th November 2014.
1. Lesotho
2. Malawi
3. Rwanda
4. Seychelles
5. Swaziland
6. Tanzania
7. Maldives
8. Sri Lanka
9. Antigua and Barbados
10. Bahamas
11. Belize
12. Dominica
13. Grenada
14. Guyana
15. Saint Lucia
16. St Kits
17. St Vincent
18. Cyprus
19. Malta
20. United Kingdom
21. Australia
22. Kiribati
23. Nauru
24. Papua Guinea
25. Samoa
26. Solomon Islands
27. Tonga
28. Tuvalu
29. Vanuatu
Other Commonwealth countries can still apply….

Commonwealth Youth Council, All rights reserved.

As part of the commitment of the CYC executives to update members and stakeholders on the work of the CYC, the CYC newsletter was introduced to replace the usual message from the CYC Chairperson. This is the first edition of the CYC newsletter.

Our mailing address is:
Commonwealth Youth Council
Pall Mall, London
London, London SW1Y 5HX
United Kingdom

AYAIFoundation Collaborate with federal government’s Schools’ Agriculture Programme (SAP)

By Adam Alqali

The AREWA YOUTH AWARENESS INITIATIVE FORUM (AYAIF) has commended the federal government’s Schools’ Agriculture Programme (SAP) initiated by the office of the President’s Senior Special Assistant on Schools’ Agriculture program, Hajiya Baraka Sani as a poverty eradication strategy. This was contained in a statement signed by coordinator of the Initiative’s Kaduna State chapter, Comrade Labaran Abubakar.“The Schools’ Agriculture Program (SAP) will apart from helping to eradicate poverty also help in the area of nutrition and job creation especially in the rural areas,” said th statement.

“As such, the Kaduna State chapter of Arewa Youth Awareness Initiative Forum wishes to commend SAP as an excellent project that is aimed at promoting entrepreneurial skills among our youth which would help alleviate the ever deepening poverty levels in our country.

“The programme provides to its
beneficiaries trainings on agriculture in areas as diverse as food and vegetable production through small scale irrigation, fisheries and aqua-culture, poultry, nutrition, processing and packaging, honey production as well as livestock production.

Sign:
Mal. Babangida Ruma
Social Scientist

For more kindly wait for This week (Dailytrust and Blueprint news paper)

DO NOT ALLOW ANYONE TO TWIST YOUR BRAIN IN THE NAME OF POLITICS.

If we can’t confront our fears then we are bound to kill ourselves. Whoever is deceiving himself that the Nigerian problem is the political parties, he or she is still sleeping.

Simply because it is quarter to elections time we are all carried away with the various political drumbeats, everyone is subconsciously dancing to the evil tone of division, hatred, envy, etc.

It is really sad that elders (that have lived their long lives) dining & wining with all the big wigs that have illegally acquired oil wells lands, ships, companies and robbed our future without recalling whether it was PDP or APC platforms they belonged, they are today the same people (saints) drawing political margins, denying our generation the free will to associate, interact and share developmental ideas.

We must wake up to face reality our problems are right in our heads, we allow ourselves to be played into the hands of few. I do not believe that political parties can change my destiny,

I see myself as someone responsible to make my destiny right. The faculties and all senses bestowed on me are not on any of these platforms but, right inside my head. Let us all clamor for respect to Rule of Law. If we all subject ourselves to the Laws, we will live happily with one another. Where ever or whatever political party you belong, make sure the laws are respected.

REMEMBER, THE FOOD YOU HAVE BEEN FED WITH RIGHT FROM CHILDHOOD WAS NEVER FECTH FROM A PDP NOR APC FARM, IT WAS CULTIVATED.

The role of the Nigerian youth in promoting peace and conflict resolution.

Conflict resolution can simply be defined as a process of analysing a problem and strategising a solution to sort out the differences between two parties in discord. It can also be referred to as the method used to solve problems between two parties, individuals, community or nations. Peace and conflict resolution is very important in the world today.

The process of resolution brings an agreement between the parties involved in the conflict. Peace cannot be achieved without bringing the pieces together. This can only be achieved by strategising for change, mobilising for advancement, erasing shallow thinking and taking responsibility for every action taken.

In any situation, it is not a matter of who is right but who is left i.e. who is on the other side, who is the person with a different perspective. We should learn to listen twice as much as we speak so as to sample other people’s opinions. It is imperative that deliberate actions should be taken to achieve these feats.

The youth are a very important factor in peace and conflict resolution as they stand the chance of being used as elements for violence, hooliganism and conflict-making. We have seen such cases in countries where terrorism is the order of the day. Also, the elites and power hungry politicians make the youth in their communities cause problems so that they can achieve their own selfish interests in government. The youth are vulnerable to these proposals because they don’t have the right education. The type of education here is that which was defined by Napoleon Hill when he said, That word education is derived from the Latin word ‘educo,’ meaning to educe, to draw out, to develop from within. An educated man is not necessarily one who has an abundance of general or specialized knowledge.

An educated man is one who has so developed the faculties of his mind that he may acquire anything he wants or its equivalent, without violating the rights of others. Any man is educated who knows where to get knowledge when he needs it, and how to organize that knowledge into definite plans of action.

It only takes a man of purpose to see that he gets the right education. The wrong school is the wrong mentality acquired over the years, the youth must be responsible enough to design their future based on their vision.

They should be empowered and motivated to be change agents in our environment. They have the strength, mental alertness, speed, ideas and information necessary to create positive change. The youth must be catalysts for change and not catalysts for destruction.
Youths has a significant role to play in bringing change in their society.

Historically, youths has been a vanguard and instrumental for all revolutions, the Nigerian revolution cannot be exceptional, therefore, youths has to be ever ready cognitively, physically and not become reluctant in demanding for their participation and enforcing level playing grown for their betterment and involvement in governance.

All of this cannot be achieved without the youths being positive and clinching a more responsible and committed attributes, patriotism, and respect among themselves and for elders.

Kwame Nkrumah (Ghanaian president) said that “Circumstances can be changed by revolution and revolutions are brought about by men, by men who think as men of action and act as men of thought”. Therefore, it is upon the youth to become men in their thoughts and mental capability, rather than just in their physical fitness or vigour.

Finally, i am calling on the government to consider utilizing more of these less greedy young people into the process of governance and create an enabling atmosphere for their betterment by providing qualitative, accessible and affordable educational system and creating job opportunities to cater for poverty and civic crime, so that we can save more to make our roads and health system better, thereby keeping our currency within our country to boost our economy and save thousands of lives.

Mal. Babangida Ruma
Social Scientist.